Tuesday, August 25, 2009

vu paper of STA630

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Question 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19




Question No: 1 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one

Which of the following includes examples of quantitative variable?


(a) Age, temperature, income, height.


(b) Grade point average, anxiety level, reading performance


(c) Gender, religion, ethnic group


(d) Both (a) and (b)

Question No: 2 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one

Research method is not applicable in the field of:


Health care




Government offices


None of the given options

Question No: 3 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one

Exploratory research addresses the _____question.









Question No: 4 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one

_________ meanings attached to a concept create problems of measurements.









Question No: 5 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one

The correlation between savings and expenditure is:








They are not correlated

Question No: 6 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one

The first step in the research process is:


Preliminary data collection


Problem definition


Theoretical framework


Define broad problem area

Question No: 7 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one

Which of the following can be achieved by a longitudinal research design?


Mapping of change in an organization.


The change in employment relations over a number of years.


The experiences of employees who begin work on the same day.


All of the given options

Question No: 8 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one

In the statement 'an examination of the effects of discretionary behavior on employee

performance' discretionary behavior is the:


Independent variable


Dependent variable


Extraneous variable


Causal variable

Question No: 9 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one

Which of the following terms best describes data that were originally collected at an earlier

time by a different person for a different purpose?


Primary data


Secondary data


Experimental data


Field notes

Question No: 10 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one

Internal scale measures


Order of the object


Magnitude of the object


Categorize the object


All of the given options

Question No: 11 ( Marks: 1 )

Exploratory researchers frequently use data.

Question No: 12 ( Marks: 1 )

researchers primarily want to apply and tailor knowledge to address a specific

practical issue.

Question No: 13 ( Marks: 1 )

An interviewee has a right to refuse to answer any question in the interview. This is called his


Question No: 14 ( Marks: 1 )

After identifying the appropriate variables, the next step is to discover between


Question No: 15 ( Marks: 1 )

The relationship between the and the theoretical framework is that the former

provides a solid foundation for developing the later.

Question No: 16 ( Marks: 5 )

What are some goals of the literature review?

Question No: 17 ( Marks: 5 )

A sociology student was conducting an observation study of waiters in a restaurant to

monitor their behaviors. During the research project, the field site i.e. the restaurant burnt

down and it was suspected that someone from inside (staff) fired the restaurant. Local legal

authorities requested the research notes and wanted to interrogate the researcher about the

activity in the restaurant. The researcher had a dilemma. He could cooperate with the

investigation and violate the trust, confidentiality and integrity of the ethical research or he

could up hold the confidentiality and protect his subjects but face contempt of court and

difficulty of justice penalties including fines and jail.

i. What type of ethical dilemma it is; confidentiality and right to privacy or deception?

Justify your opinion. (2.5)

ii. Give your suggestions to the researcher what should he do in such a situation? (2.5)

Question No: 18 ( Marks: 5 )

The head-nurse in a hospital would like to have a profile of the patients that come to her


i. What would be the nature of the study that would be designed? Exploratory, descriptive,

or explanatory? Give reasons for your answer. (2.5)

ii. Would it be a longitudinal or cross-sectional study? How would you explain your answer?


Question No: 19 ( Marks: 10 )

What are some characteristics of a testable hypothesis?

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